Let’s know etymology of Iyengar & it’s significance:
It is also said that originally Tathacharyas (who were gurus to Vijayanagar Kings) were respectfully referred to as “Iyengars”, the term which later on came to be broadly applied to all Srivaishnavas
(Like trademark Xerox popularly extended to all copiers). Even now, those who are familiar to Kanchipuram traditions, use “Iyyengar” to specifically mean Kanchipuram Tathacharyas.
The title Iyengar denotes “A Person who performs the PANCHA SAMSKARAMS in their daily routine”. Such eligibility occurs to
them after the ritual of “Samaashrayanam” by a worthy and True Aachaaryan.
The Pancha samaskarams are :
1. Daily Snanam (in the morning and evening) with application of Urthva Pundaram,
2. Nithyaanusandhaanam (including Manthra pushpam, Sandhya vandanam, Perumal amudhupadi)
3. Aacharyan tiruvadi saranaagati or sambandam,
4. Vaishnava Ghoshti kainkaryam (including adhithi samaaradanai) and
5. Bhagavat prabhatti. ( Thayar & Perumaal sevai).
Just as a person perceives this world through the 5 sensory organs of Mey, Vaai, Kann, Mukku, & Sevi, an Iyengar perceives his world through these 5 samaskaraas, taking these as the Angaas for spiritual life. Thus the name Iyengaars – meaning “I” (5 in chaste Tamil – like “ai aindum ariyaada maanidarai”) “Angaars” – Angangalai udaiyavar.
தர்மோ ரக்ஷதி ரக்ஷித: ஸ்ரீனிவாஸ் ஸர்மா 9789094777